You must learn at least a few chess openings.

You can read detailed explications on the chess openings page. If you don't know or your opponent doesn't play according to the chess openings , you should make the moves by using these principles. Of course you should decide which principles you will use according the situations in the game.

- You should move your pieces in order to control the central squares e4 , e5 , d4 , d5 .

- You should move central pawns first.

- Try to not move the same pieces twice if there is not an obligatory situation.

- Do not attack early. Develop all your pieces before the attack.

- Move knights and bishops first , then place your king in a secure corner by castling. The knights must be developed to f3 instead h3 , to c3 instead a3 for White . They must be developed to f6 instead h6 , to c6 instead h6 for Black.

- Then move your queen. But don't attack at the opening by the queen . This most powerful piece Queen will be threatened by the less valuable pieces ( bishop, knights, pawns ) of your opponent and you will waste your time when you try to protect your queen.

- Use rooks to control open and/or half-open lines.

diagram No.1


As you see in the diagram No.1 and the notation below , White and Black haven't played their queen yet.
They have castled and their king are on the secure squares. Opponent knights are pinned by the bishops

Scotch opening : (diagram No.1)
1. e4 e5   2. Nf3 Nc6   3. d4 exd4   4. Nxd4 Nf6   5. Nc3 Bb4   6. Nxc6 bxc6   7. Bd3 d5   8. exd5 cxd5   9. 0-0 0-0   10. Bg5 Be6

diagram No.2.


White and Black developed their minor pieces ( knights and bishops ). They have castled .
White is developed well and controls the central squares by a lot of pieces.
Black's rook is controlling half open e line , the knights are controlling central squares.

Queen's gambit declined samisch variation : (diagram No.2)
1. d4 d5   2. c4 e6   3. Nc3 Nf6   4. cxd5 exd5   5. Nf3 Nbd7   6. Bf4 c6   7. e3 Be7   8. Bd3 0-0   9. Qc2 Re8   10. 0-0 Nf8   11. Rab1 Ng6

Chess opening wizard

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