You must learn at least a few chess openings.

You can read detailed explications on the chess openings page. If you don't know or your opponent doesn't play according the chess openings , you should make the moves by using these principles. Of course you should decide which principles you will use according the situations in the game.

- You should move your pieces in order to control the central squares e4 , e5 , d4 , d5 .

- You should move central pawns first.

- Try to not move the same pieces twice if there is not an obligatory situation.

- Move knights and bishops first , then place your king in a secure corner by castling. Then move your queen. But don't attack at the opening by the queen . This most powerful piece will be threatened by the less valuable pieces ( bishop, knights, pawns ) of your opponent and you will waste your time when you try to protect your queen.

- The knights must be developed to f3 instead h3 , to c3 instead a3 for White . They must be developed to f6 instead h6 , to c6 instead h6 for Black - Use rooks to control open and/or half-open lines.

- Do not attack early. Develop all your pieces before the attack.

diagram No.1


As you see in the diagram No.1 and the notation below , White and Black haven't played their queen yet. They have castled and their king are on the secure squares. Opponent knights are pinned by the bishops

Scotch opening : (diagram No.1)
1. e4, e5 2. Nf3, Nc6 3. d4, exd4 4. Nxd4, Nf6 5. Nc3, Bb4 6. Nxc6, bxc6 7. Bd3, d5 8. exd5, cxd5 9. 0-0, 0-0 10. Bg5, Be6

diagram No.2.


White and Black developed their minor pieces ( knights and bishops ). They have castled . White is developed well and controls the central squares by a lot of pieces. Black's rook is controlling half open e line , the knights are controlling central squares.

Queen's gambit declined samisch variation : (diagram No.2)
1. d4, d5 2. c4, e6 3. Nc3, Nf6 4. cxd5, exd5 5. Nf3, Nbd7 6. Bf4, c6 7. e3, Be7 8. Bd3, 0-0 9. Qc2, Re8 10. 0-0, Nf8 11. Rab1, Ng6

Chess opening wizard

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